Terms and conditions

About us

Contact details. This site is operated by the Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) You can contact us by email at education@rgs.org

The site was developed by the Royal Geographical Society with IBG with support from the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) Climate Challenge Fund.


Website research and development: Rinku Mitra

Website research and content for A Level: Dr Simon Oakes (Senior A-level examiner)

Website content writers: Jill Hatcher, Bow Boys School; Christopher Spicer, Michelle Feeley, Moulsham High School and Humanities College, Jo Price, Noel Jenkins, Court Fields Community School, Katherine Logan, Oaks Park High School:

Thanks to the following: Steve Brace, Dr Catherine Souch and Jon Wolton (RGS-IBG)

Website design: www.wave.coop

Flash interactives: Pete Waldron

Image credits: Still Pictures Ltd.  www.stillpictures.com 

Terms and Conditions



All content available from this site is subjected to copyright and may be downloaded and used for educational purposes only. Images may be downloaded from the Resources/Image Library section only. The use of any other imagery throughout this site is not permitted. All other use of the content on this site is prohibited, including (without limitation) reproducing the content in any form for commercial purposes.

All copies of any part of the content material must bear an acknowledgement of the copyright of the owner of the material (RGS-IBG). Copyright, trademark and other proprietary notices must not be removed. You may not use any content on this site for any other purpose without our prior written consent. Examples of prohibited use include (without limitation):

reproducing any content for commercial purposes; or

inclusion of any content on any other website (whether commercial or not).

All rights enquiries should be directed to education@rgs.org

Fair use of our site.

You must not use this site:

  • in any way that interrupts, damages or impairs access to this site, or is likely (whether in itself or in combination with the activities of others) to do so
  • for any fraudulent purpose, or in connection with a criminal offence or other unlawful activity.

Other people’s rights.

You must not use this site to transmit or upload or otherwise publish:

  • any material that is defamatory, abusive, obscene, of a harassing nature or in any other way offensive; or 
  • material that infringes anyone else’s copyright or other intellectual property rights, or that infringes any right of privacy, confidentiality or legal privilege;
  • material containing viruses, corrupted files, or any other similar software or programs that may damage the operation of another’s computer.

Links to our site.

In creating a link to this site please indicate that we are the source of the information by including an acknowledgement near to/in the link. We would be grateful if you could notify us about the link. Please also ensure that we are not brought into disrepute by the creation of the link; in such cases, we will request the link’s removal (and, if necessary, may bring legal proceedings to seek its removal). Please note that we may move pages on this site or change their address without prior notice.

Links to third party sites.

Any links to third party websites are provided to you only as a convenience. The inclusion of any link does not imply endorsement of that website, and we are not liable for the content of any site to which we link.


Accuracy of content.

We take reasonable care to ensure that the information appearing on this site is accurate and up-to-date. However, errors and omissions do occur, and you should not take the accuracy of the information for granted, but should check directly with us using the contact details provided on this site. We therefore disclaim all liability for your use of the information on this site.


This site is provided on an 'as is' and 'as available' basis. We are not liable for any loss or damage arising directly or indirectly from use of this site, except death or personal injury to the extent this is caused by our negligence. Examples of loss or damage for which we are not liable include (but are not limited to) any loss or damage resulting from:

  • your reliance on or use of any information or material obtained either directly or indirectly from the use of this site.
  • the transmission, reception or use by any person of information by about or to you;
  • any inaccuracies in any information on this site;
  • the unavailability of this site.


  • Changes to these terms. We reserve the right to change these terms at any time. The terms displayed on the site when you visit will be the terms that apply to you for that visit.
  • Governing Law. Any dispute or claim concerning or arising from this website is to be determined in accordance with the law of England and Wales, and the courts of England and Wales are to have exclusive jurisdiction in determining such disputes or claims.